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Macedonian Cities -- Dojran
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The town and Lake Dojran are located in the southeast of Macedonia, about 170 km away from Skopje. Mt. Belasica stretches to the north. The fact that this valley opens to the south determines the region's Mediterranean climate, which is with hot and dry summers and mild, wet winters.

DojranThere are two fishing communities in the town - Old and New Dojran.
The Dojran area is one of the most beautiful natural resorts in Macedonia. Studies point to the fact that the area around the lake was inhabited as early as pre-historical times. Inscriptions of the 5th century B.C. describe the life of the area of present-day Lake Dojran in the ancient times. After the Roman period, Dojran was under Byzantine jurisdiction and was given the name of Polin meaning "town." In 1391 the Turks conquered it and its inhabitants were forced to move to the place where Star Dojran is today. In the 19th century Dojran was a beautiful town situated on a hill facing the lake, with small shops, inns, and craftsmen’s workshops. After the WWI bombing the people moved to today’s New Dojran. The Municipality of Star Dojran extends around the lake and it borders Greece.

Lake Dojran

The 10-meter-deep Lake Dojran lies at 48m above sea level and it is the third largest lake in Macedonia, covering an area of 42,7 km2. Lake Dojran is the smallest tectonic lake that was formed in the Neogene’s Quarter period and is of the tectonic-volcanic period. Invertebrates, vertebrates, 12 endemic fauna species, 15 fish species, and several bird species are on the Corinne list. Lake Dojran is known for the specific manner of fishing with the assistance of birds, which catch the fish with their beaks and take them to the fishermen.

In the last decade of the 20th century, however, Lake Dojran has become an issue of public concern because of its gradual emptying. The surrounding inhabitants drained the lake of its precious water in order to irrigate outlying crops and feed the demands of growing nations. The lake has lost as many as 2 meters in depth, almost 30 percent of its water, and at some points the old shore lies almost 1km away from the new shoreline. Because of this, Lake Dojran, once known for its beauty, was turned into an ecological disaster zone. Fortunately, today some effort is being made to refill the lake. Though it might seem like a small step, it still brings hope for reviving tourism in this area.  Fishing with cormorants, which was part of the fishing tradition of this small lake, is slowly dying out, as well.

Dojran Lake

 
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